Benode Behari Mukherjee

Benode Behari Mukherjee (1904 – 1980)

1919 Kala Bhavana, the art school at Santiniketan begins; Benode Behari enrols as one of its first students.

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1920 Makes his first mural on the walls of his hostel room

1921 Visva-Bharati University established at Santiniketan; paints murals in hostel rooms, with classmates

1923 Assists Nandalal Bose in the painting of his murals in the old library building, inspired by scrolls in Bagh and Ajanta cave paintings

1924 Paints murals in 16 niches of the Santoshalaya building, depicting Santhal life

1925 Joins Kala Bhavana after completing his studies, first as a teacher and then in-charge of the library and museum

1929 Becomes full-time teacher at Kala Bhavana

1934 Exhibits at the Kala Bhavana group show at Congress House, Madras

1936 Exhibits at the Horeganji temple, Tsukiji, Tokyo; show organized by the Nippon Cultural Federation, Nippon Bunka Renmei

1937 Assists Nandalal at Haripura Congress, where he designs and constructs the entire township with local materials, and Haripura posters

1946 Exhibition in Calcutta, organized by the Ashramik Sangha. Benode Behari begins to paint the Hindi Bhavana mural and completes it the next year

1948 Exhibits 69 works at Savoy Hotel in Mussourie. Joins as a curator at the Nepal Government Museum, Kathmandu

1950 Paints murals at Banasthali, Rajasthan. Reaches Patna where his works produced in Nepal are shown along with those of Leela Mukherjee and Riten Mazumdar at the Hindi Sahitya Sammelan Bhavana. The exhibition also travels to Santiniketan and Calcutta. In Santiniketan, Ramkinkar’s works made during his 1945 Nepal visit are also exhibited

1952 Establishes an Art and Craft Centre in Mussourie

1958 Returns to Santiniketan to teach art history at Kala Bhavana

1959 First retrospective exhibition at the Indian Museum, Calcutta, organized by Santiniketan Ashramik Sangha and Academy of Fine


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